Research adopts an interdisciplinary methodology that brings together work from a broad spectrum of disciplines: political theory, economics, sustainability science, human-computer interaction (computer science), legal studies, and social anthropology.
An in-depth exploratory/explanatory multiple case study work is considered the most appropriate methodological approach in dealing with a group phenomenon such as the emergence of novel organizational models, Fablabs, makerspaces, etc. – which has not yet been thoroughly studied (Yin 2003; Creswell 2007). The in-depth multiple case study employs four main research methods for data collection: literature review, interviews (Fiss 2009: Biernacki et al. 1981), participant observation and online document reviews.
Both Discourse theory and Critical theory provide the analytical framework necessary to bring to the fore discourses in communities and groups dense with complex power relations, institutional structures and diverse viewpoints and narratives. Discourses and power relations to be explored revolve around the manufacture and use of technological artifacts, distribution of power and resources in the social forms that will be studied (horizontalism/verticalism, distributed networks), practices of social participation, forms of representation and particular entrepreneurial strategies, among others.